A Review of HIV in Prisons in Nepal. Dolan K and Larney S (2009)

A Review of HIV in Prisons in Nepal. Dolan K and Larney S (2009) Background: HIV in prisons is a serious public health concern. People in prison are at risk of contracting HIV through injecting drug use, unprotected sex and tattooing. However, most countries have largely neglected HIV prevention and care in prisons. Objectives: The aim of this study is to review HIV prevention and care in Nepal’s prisons

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Handbook on Prisoners with Special Needs. UNODC. (2009)

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This handbook covers the special needs of eight groups of prisoners, which have a particularly vulnerable status in prisons. They are: Prisoners with mental health care needs; Prisoners with disabilities; Ethnic and racial minorities and indigenous peoples; Foreign national prisoners; Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) prisoners; Older prisoners; Prisoners with terminal illness and Prisoners under sentence of death.

 

Keywords: mental health care, indigenous peoples, prisoners, LGBT

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Towards Universal Access: Scaling up Priority HIV/AIDS Interventions in the Health Sector. WHO, UNAIDS and UNICEF (2009)

Towards Universal Access: Scaling up Priority HIV/AIDS Interventions in the Health Sector. WHO, UNAIDS and UNICEF (2009) The purpose of this document is to provide a framework for mounting an effective national response to HIV/AIDS in prisons* that meets international health and human rights stan- dards, prioritizes public health, is grounded in evidence-based interventions and best practices,** and supports the good management of custodial institutions.

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Handbook for Prison Managers and Policymakers on Women and Imprisonment. UNODC. (2008)

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The main focus of the handbook is female prisoners and guidance on the components of a gender-sensitive approach to prison management, taking into account the typical background of female prisoners and their special needs as women in prison.

 


Keywords: women, prisoners, health care, gender

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Women and HIV in Prison Settings. UNODC and UNAIDS. (2008)

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Women in prison are vulnerable to gender-based sexual violence; they may engage in risky behaviours and practices such as unsafe tattooing, injecting drug use, and, are more susceptible to self-harm.

 

 

Keywords: HIV, women, prisoner, violence, gender

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HIV/AIDS Prevention, Care, Treatment and Support in Prison Settings. UNODC, WHO and UNAIDS (2006)

HIV/AIDS Prevention, Care, Treatment and Support in Prison Settings. UNODC, WHO and UNAIDS (2006) The purpose of this document is to provide a Framework for mounting an effective national response to HIV/AIDS in prisons that meets international health and human rights standards, prioritizes public health, is grounded in best practice, and supports the management of custodial institutions.

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Policy Brief: Reduction of HIV Transmission in Prisons. WHO, UNAIDS and UNODC (2004)

Policy Brief: Reduction of HIV Transmission in Prisons. WHO, UNAIDS and UNODC (2004) The rates of HIV infection among inmates of prisons and other detention centres in many countries are significantly higher than those in the general population. Examples include countries in Western and Eastern Europe, Africa, Latin America and Asia. The available data on HIV infection rates in prisons cover inmates who were infected outside the institutions before imprisonment and persons who were infected inside the institutions through the sharing of contaminated injection equipment or through unprotected sex. Certain populations that are highly vulnerable to HIV infection have a heightened probability of incarceration because of their involvement in behaviours such as drug use and sex work.

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WHO Guidelines on HIV Infection and AIDS in Prisons. WHO and UNAIDS (1999)

WHO Guidelines on HIV Infection and AIDS in Prisons. WHO and UNAIDS (1999) These guidelines were prepared on the basis of technical advice provided to WHO prior to and during a consultation of experts convened in Geneva in September 1992. The consultation included representatives of international and nongovernmental organizations and government departments with a wide range of experience and background in the health, management, and human rights aspects of HIV/AIDS in prisons. The guidelines provide standards - from a public health perspective - which prison authorities should strive to achieve in their efforts to prevent HIV transmission in prisons and to provide care to those affected by HIV/AIDS. It is expected that the guidelines will be adapted by prison authorities to meet their local needs.

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