Stigma and Descrimination

Although there is evidence of progress, all 38 countries still have laws that impede HIV response.

  • 37 criminalize some aspects of sex work
  • 11 have compulsory detention centres for people who use drugs
  • 15 have the death penalty for drug-related offences
  • 16 criminalize same-sex relations
  • 10
    impose some form of restriction on the entry, stay and residence of people living with HIV based on their HIV status
Countries that have conducted legal reviews or consultations under ESCAP Roadmap

Click here for summaries and published reports
All reviews and consultation reports available on AIDS Data Hub

IMPACT OF LEGAL AND POLICY BARRIERS IN ASIA AND THE PACIFIC

TG  

MSM  

PLHIV  

Sex workers  

PWID  

Access to
treatment  

Young people  

Migrants  

Prisoners  

Pregnant women
and girls  

Young people's
access to testing  

Young people's
access to harm
reduction  

Population size estimates shown in infographics are for ESCAP Members and Associate Members