Key Facts on HIV in Asia and the Pacific (2019)

Fast-Track and reduce new infections by 2020
Fast-Track and reduce new infections by 2020

3.5 million people living with HIV are receiving antiretroviral therapy – expanding, but still behind global trends.

Prevention of mother-to-child transmission at 56% [42-71%] coverage is well below the global average of 85% [63-100%]

Data are regularly collected in many countries, but more analysis is needed to translate them into useful strategic information for action.


Data gaps include information on transgender people, young key populations and prisoners; inconsistent disaggregation of information by age and gender; and availability of city and sub-national data.

HIV epidemics among men who have sex with men are expanding rapidly in urban areas across the region.

About half of people who inject drugs, female sex workers, male sex workers, gay men and other men who have sex with men and transgender people are unaware of their HIV status.

US$ 3.25 billion was available for AIDS response in 2019 and current level of resources for AIDS response is about 66% of the annual resources needed by 2020 to reach the Fast-Track Targets.

Although there is evidence of progress, all 38 countries still have laws that impede HIV response.

  • 37 criminalize some aspects of sex work
  • 11 have compulsory detention centres for people who use drugs
  • 15 have the death penalty for drug-related offences
  • 16 criminalize same-sex relations
  • 10
    impose some form of restriction on the entry, stay and residence of people living with HIV based on their HIV status