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Trans people in all parts of the world are at heightened risk of violence, harassment and discrimination. Human rights violations range from bullying and verbal abuse, to denial of healthcare, education, work and housing, to criminalization, arbitrary arrest and detention, violence, assault, torture, rape and murder. Exposure to these and related abuses may be further exacerbated by other factors, such as age, ethnicity, occupation, socio-economic class and disability.
This is the first in a series of rapid case studies examining ‘person-centred’ aspects of community-led HIV prevention, treatment and care programmes in different contexts. Person-centred approaches are founded on principles such as empowering and informing beneficiaries to enable them to participate in joint decision making; tailoring services to suit their context; respecting their preferences; and adapting and linking services to ensure that all their needs (physical, emotional and psychological) are met over their life course.
The case studies provide practical examples of what person-centred HIV programmes look like, and promote learning from the experiences and perspectives of the beneficiaries of these programmes.
Male-to-female transgender or transgender women (TGW) has been a neglected and hard-to-reach community, yet various overseas studies have shown that their HIV prevalence can be high. To better study the situation in Hong Kong, Special Preventive Programme of the Department of Health (DH) has included TGW as one distinct at-risk population to be covered in the HIV/AIDS Response Indicator Survey (HARiS, a venue-base survey) since 2014. It is the first time DH included TGW in PRiSM (HIV prevention and risk behavioural survey of men who have sex with men in Hong Kong). As PRiSM is a community-based survey and the participants only need to complete a self-administered online questionnaire, it was hoped that more TGW could be reached. The study aims to update on the HIV prevalence among TGW in Hong Kong, and inform on HIV/STIs preventive interventions and the profile of risk behaviours of local TGW.
This is the second round of Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) survey among MSM/TG conducted in eight districts of Tarai Highway Districts in Nepal. The primary objectives of the IBBS surveys were: to determine the prevalence and trend of HIV, Syphilis, Chlamydia Trachomatis (CT), Neisseria Gonorrhoea (NG) and associated HIV-related risk behaviors among MSM/TG, collect information related to socio-demographic characteristics and explore the association between the risk behaviors and HIV and other specific STIs among MSM/TG population.
This report, Legal Gender Recognition in China: A Legal and Policy Review, provides an important resource for the inclusion of transgender people in Chinese laws and policies. The report provides specific recommendations and suggested actions that will promote legal gender recognition and inclusion for transgender people and, if adopted, will facilitate an enabling environment for transgender people to access education, employment, health and other public services. The report also highlights transgender community efforts and initiatives that could serve as new platforms for asserting transgender inclusion and those which could open the doors for more enhanced collaboration among the various sectors.
Keywords: transgender, discrimination, gender, human rights
The Linkages across the Continuum of HIV Services for Key Populations Affected by HIV (LINKAGES) project conducts a range of HIV prevention activities to reduce HIV transmission among key populations (sex workers, men who have sex with men, transgender persons and people who inject drugs) and to improve their enrollment and retention in care. These reports offer up-to-date knowledge that can be used to strengthen HIV and AIDS programming for key populations worldwide.
Keywords: HIV, assessment, key populations, data analysis
Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people experience targeted homophobia and transphobia at every level – including legal, political and social. For sex workers who are LGBT, discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity adds to and intensifies the discrimination they experience as sex workers. This Briefing Paper written in collaboration with NSWP documents the stigma and discrimination experienced by LGBT sex workers and highlights differences in their experiences when compared with other members of their respective communities.
Breaking new ground: A municipal review of HIV and rights programmes and services for men who have sex with men and transgender people in Kathmandu, Nepal was conducted in 2014-2015 as part of the broader UNDP-led initiative that examined HIV and rights programmes and services for men who have sex with men and transgender people in seven South Asian cities. The review aims to inform and strengthen Kathmandu’s municipal HIV and rights responses for these vulnerable key populations. Government and community leaders were crucial to the review process as they provided valuable inputs that informed the recommendations.
Breaking new ground: A municipal review of HIV and rights programmes and services for men who have sex with men and transgender people in Thimphu, Bhutan was conducted in 2014-2015 as part of the broader UNDP-led initiative that examined HIV and rights programmes and services for men who have sex with men and transgender people in seven South Asian cities. The review aims to inform and strengthen Thimphu's municipal HIV and rights responses for these vulnerable key populations. Government and community leaders were crucial to the review process as they provided valuable inputs that informed the recommendations.
This study intends to determine how well Sri Lanka has achieved the provision of universal access to appropriate HIV prevention, care, treatment and support for transgender people. It analyzes human rights situation for transgender persons; develop an evidence base on transgender people and HIV and identifies opportunities to strengthen capacity in providing broader and better responses for transgender people in relation to prevention, control, treatment and care of HIV/AIDS.