Conversion Therapy Practices against Transgender Persons in India, Indonesia, Malaysia and Sri Lanka

Publications - Released in 2021

The Asia Pacific Transgender Network (APTN), together with its country partners, embarked on an ambitious and much-needed research project to study the various forms of conversion therapy practices being implemented against transgender (trans) and gender diverse people in India, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Sri Lanka. This evidence-generating project aimed to explore how trans and gender diverse people in these countries have been subjected to conversion therapy practices by documenting their personal narratives and lived experiences. Further, it sought to investigate how the existing national legal, policy, and programmatic frameworks create an environment in which these harmful practices can thrive. 


 India(357.64 KB)
 Indonesia(331.73 KB)
 Malaysia(1.61 MB)
 Sri Lanka(345.48 KB)


  • Asia Pacific Transgender Network (APTN)