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Bangladesh has been providing HIV prevention services for males having sex with males (MSM), male sex worker (MSW) and hijra for more than a decade. In parallel to providing HIV prevention services, Bangladesh has been collecting risk behaviour and HIV prevalence data on these population groups through a national surveillance system which was set up by the Government of Bangladesh in 1998. The surveillance system has been crucial in providing key information that has helped Bangladesh to monitor changes in risk behaviours and infection prevalence over time, the data has been the backbone against which the national HIV strategic plans have been developed and global reports have been prepared. These data also enable measuring the effect of the on-going large scale HIV prevention programs for MSM, MSW and hijra.
This is the fifth round of the IBBS survey conducted among Men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender (TG) population in the Kathmandu Valley of Nepal. Previously, the survey was carried out in 2004, 2007, 2009 and 2012 in the same location among the same population. In line with the objectives of the previous rounds of the IBBS, this survey was also undertaken primarily with objectives to: a) determine the prevalence and trend of HIV Syphilis, Chlamydia Trachomati (CT) and Neisseria Gonorrhea (NG) and associated risk behaviors among MSM/ Transgender (TG), b) Collect information related to socio-demographic characteristics and c) Explore the association between the risk behaviors and HIV and other specific STIs among the MSM and TG population. Fieldwork for data collection was conducted in August, 2015.
In this research, the Coordination of Action Research on AIDS and Mobility in Asia (CARAM Asia) has focused on a group of migrant workers who are especially vulnerable to HIV: males who have sex with males, otherwise known as “MSM.” MSM migrant workers suffer multiple layers of stigma and discrimination, which, in combination with the risky sexual behaviors they engage in heightens their risk of HIV infection.
This study assesses the barriers faced by men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender people in Bhutan in accessing health services. It seeks to identify the level of stigma and discrimination against these marginalized groups as well as assesses the strengths, limitations and needs of the health services dealing with their sexual health. The study puts forth a set of concrete recommendations aimed at addressing the issues that have been identified.
Keywords: HIV, PLHIV, homophobia, gender, stigma, discrimination, gender
The Sydney Gay Community Periodic Survey is a cross-sectional survey of gay and homosexually active men recruited at a range of gay community sites in Sydney. Since 1996, the project has been funded by the NSW Ministry of Health and supported by ACON and Positive Life NSW. The major aim of the survey is to provide data on sexual, drug use and testing practices related to the transmission of HIV and other sexually transmissible infections (STIs) among gay men in Sydney. The data presented in this report are from the period 2011 to 2015.
Young MSM are often more vulnerable than older MSM to the effects of homophobia – manifested in discrimination, bullying, harassment, family disapproval, social isolation and violence – as well as criminalization and self-stigmatization.
Keywords: HIV, young people, MSM, harassment, discrimination, testing
This document is a tool containing practical advice on implementing HIV and sexually transmitted infection (STI) programmes with men who have sex with men. It is based on recommendations contained within the Consolidated guidelines on HIV prevention, diagnosis, treatment and care for key populations, published in 2014 by the World Health Organization.
Topics covered include community empowerment, addressing violence, condom and lubricant programming, other health-care services, and service delivery. The tool also covers the use of information and communications technology in programming, and offers strategies for managing programmes and building the capacity of organizations of men who have sex with men. It contains examples of good practices from around the world that can be used to support efforts to plan programmes and services with men who have sex with men.
As of 2015, five rounds of IBBS surveys (i.e. Round 1 in 2004, Round 2 in 2007, Round 3 in 2009, Round 4 in 2012, and Round 5 in 2015) have been conducted in Nepal. The main objectives of the IBBS survey were to: determine the prevalence and trend of HIV Syphilis, Chlamydia Trachomati(CT) and Neisseria Gonorrhoea(NG) and associated risk behaviors among MSM/ Transgender (TG), collect information related to socio-demographic characteristics and explore the association between the risk behaviors and HIV and other specific STIs among the MSM/TG population.
Keywords: Nepal, HIV, STI, ART, prevalence, condom use, partners, stigma and discrimination, drug use
This report presents findings from two cross-sectional surveys conducted in 2013–2014 among young (18 to 28 years) men who have sex with men (YMSM) in Yangon and Monywa, Myanmar. The primary objective of these surveys was to measure risk and protective factors and HIV related risk behaviours within this population. 200 YMSM were recruited in Yangon and 200 in Monywa using respondent driven sampling (RDS). RDS is a chain-referral sampling method specifically designed to obtain probability-based samples of hard-to-reach populations that are socially networked. Sampling was initiated with seven seeds (initial non-randomly selected members of the survey population) in Yangon and four seeds in Monywa. Eligible YMSM who enrolled in the survey were screened, provided consent and then given a face-to-face interview about their background, sexual identity, sexual history, affiliations with organizations, relationships with family, sexual health and HIV testing.
When compared with the general population, men who have sex with men (MSM) are more likely to be HIV-positive but less likely to have access to safe and competently delivered HIV services. In an effort to illuminate the barriers and facilitators of HIV service utilization for MSM, the Global Forum on MSM & HIV (MSMGF) conducted the third biennial Global Men’s Health and Rights Study (GMHR). This brief presents data from the 2014 GMHR describing access to HIV services among MSM and discusses the implications for strengthening the global HIV response.