Overview Report of the People Living with HIV Stigma Index: Study in Seven Countries in the Pacific. Tremlett L. (2018)

This report highlights the findings from a seven country study of stigma and discrimination in the Pacific region funded by the Global Fund through the UNDP Pacific Office in Fiji. The report will also give recommendations for how stigma and discrimination can be reduced and ultimately eliminated in the region in line with UNAIDS’ global treatment targets such as 90-90-90.
By 2020, 90% of all people living with HIV will know their HIV status. By 2020, 90% of all people with diagnosed HIV infection will receive sustained antiretroviral therapy. By 2020, 90% of all people receiving antiretroviral therapy will have viral suppression.
Keywords: PLHIV, stigma, discrimination, human rights

Unknown Lives: Initial Findings From The People Living with HIV Stigma Index In South Korea 2016-2017. KNP+. (2017)


From March 2016 to June 2016, 15 field researchers met 104 people living with HIV in South Korea and asked about their experiences of stigma and discrimination in the last 12 months. The survey was conducted through a translated version of the standardized questionnaire developed by the UNAIDS and associated institutions.



Keywords: HIV, AIDS, healthcare, workplace, stigma, discrimination, rights 



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HIV-related Stigma and Discrimination and Human Rights in Papua New Guinea. Rule J and Liriope D. (2016)


This report covers research conducted on HIV stigma and discrimination using the Stigma Index in the Papua New Guinea provinces of Western Highlands and Chimbu*. The research was funded by a grant from the National AIDS Council. When Igat Hope began the project the aim was to conduct interviews in all regions of PNG. However, due to funding constraints and organisational capacities, the Stigma Index has only been applied in one region, that is, the Highlands Region. In future, the hope is to gather comparable data from other regions in PNG. Despite the fact that the overall project aims have not yet been achieved, the data contained in this report provides useful information that can be considered as work continues in PNG on HIV-related stigma and discrimination and human rights.


Keywords: PLHIV, stigma and discrimination, index, gender, services



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People Living with HIV Stigma Index in 2014 in Viet Nam. VNP+. (2014).


HIV-related stigma and discrimination are recognized both globally and in Viet Nam as primary barriers to accessing essential prevention, treatment and care services. The People Living with HIV Stigma Index was designed to address the need for a quantitative recording and analysis of the different levels and types of stigma and discrimination experienced, as well as changes in trends and with time, to inform evidence-based policy and programmes. The process of conducting the Stigma Index is as important as the result: the survey is conducted “by PLHIV, for PLHIV”.

Keywords: HIV, stigma, discrimination, PWID, FSW, MSM, human rights, health care, treatment

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Punitive Laws Hindering the HIV Response in Asia and the Pacific (October 2014). UNAIDS, AIDS Data Hub, UNODC, UNFPA and UNDP. (2014)


Recent progress towards zero discrimination in Asia and the Pacific: Punitive approaches to sex work, drug use and sexual relations between men; criminalization of HIV transmission; and enforcement of restrictions on entry, stay and residence against people living with HIV hinder access to HIV prevention and treatment services, and can contribute to the increase of HIV-related stigma and discrimination. Over the past years, over 10 countries in Asia and the Pacific have removed or revised a number of such punitive laws or policies. These actions are helping to enable more people to access HIV services.

Keywords: MSM, SW, PWID, PLHIV, transgender

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Stigma, Discrimination and Key Affected Populations: Strengthening the Role of Media Advocacy in Sri Lanka through a Critical Analysis of News Media Coverage. UNDP. (2013)


Over the course of the HIV epidemic’s 30-year history, notable strides have been made globally to reduce stigma and discrimination towards people living with HIV (PLHIV) and key affected populations (KAPs) such as female sex workers (FSW), men who have sex with men (MSM), transgender (TG) people and people who use drugs (PWUD). These efforts have included the development of supportive legislation and policies, advocacy and community mobilization through networks and collectives, and media campaigns featuring celebrities and societal leaders. In addition, strategic and sustained efforts with the news media have not only facilitated increased and improved coverage, but have also served to advocate for changes in policies and programmes, and of equal importance, to fighting stigma and discrimination relating to key affected populations.


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PLHIV Stigma Index, Malaysia, 2012. Positive Malaysian Treatment Access and Advocacy Group. (2012)


The PLHIV Stigma Index Study in Malaysia was conducted by The Positive Malaysian Treatment Access and Advocacy Group (MTAAG+) to document and measure the extent of HIV-related stigma and discrimination experienced by people living with HIV in order to contribute to strengthening the evidence base for advocacy, policy change and programme interventions.

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Seeking Redress for HIV-Related Violations of Human Rights in the Philippines. UNAIDS (2012)

Seeking redress_HIVrelated_violations_of_human_rights_Philippines-1

Reddress is an act or process meant to correct a situation involving the violation of a right. It could be to address a past injury or violation, or to prevent future harm. Redress is usually obtained through the courts, although there are some out-of-court mechanisms that could also result in redress.


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Summary of E-discussion on Key Affected Women and Girls in Asia and the Pacific. UNDP, UNAIDS, UN Women, UNOHCHR, and APN+ (2012)

Key affected_women_and_girls_Asia_Pacific_2012

From 1-23 February 2012, the Asia Pacific Community of Practice on HIV, Gender and Human Rights (HIV-APCoP) held an e-discussion on Key Affected Women and Girls in Asia and the Pacific with the primary objective of stimulating dialogue to ensure proper policy attention is paid to key affected women and girls in the context of HIV. 

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The People Living with HIV Stigma Index - Results from 3 Provinces in Lao PDR - Luangprabang, Vientiane Capital and Champasack (Draft). Keovongchith B, Ramírez AF, French Red Cross, and Lao PDR Delegation. (2012)


In this report, we present the results of the People Living with HIV (PLHIV) Stigma Index Survey conducted in Lao P.D.R. from October 2011-February 2012. Through these results, we aim to shed light on the HIV-related stigma and discrimination situation in the country, contribute to the exploration of the large biosocial mechanisms that affect stigma and the epidemic, and propose comprehensive interventions to battle HIV-related stigma and discrimination. 


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