Background Note - Population Mobility and HIV and AIDS: Review of Laws, Policies and Treaties between Bangladesh, Nepal and India. Samuels F and Wagle S (2011)

Population Mobility_HIV_AIDS_Briefing_Paper-1

Various surveys and studies (e.g. Barbora et al., 2008; Theime, 2006) reveal that migrants are disadvantaged relative to the native population in terms of employment, education and health. While their contributions are often key to the survival of families and communities back home, those who move and those who remain face many vulnerabilities. 

 

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Background Note - Vulnerabilities of Movement: Cross-border Mobility between India, Nepal and Bangladesh. Samuels F, Zarazua MN, Wagle S, et al (2011)

Vulnerabilities of_movement_HIV_AIDS_india_nepal_bangladesh_Briefing_paper-1

Mobility is not a new phenomenon in South Asia, and national, regional and international mobility is on the rise. Over the last few decades the demand for labour from India’s growing economy, in particular, has pulled people from neighbouring countries: Bangladesh, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. The rise of HIV in the region is also not a new phenomenon: current HIV trends reveal that South Asia is home to 2 to 3.5 million of the estimated 33.3 million people living with HIV (PLHIV) worldwide (UNDP, 2010) and the sheer numbers of PLHIV in the region make HIV a major public health concern.

 

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Trafficking of Fishermen in Thailand. Robertson P. (2011)

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The objective of this report is to provide a better understanding of the recruitment, living and working conditions of fishermen and the extent of exploitation and abuse in the Thai fishing sector. The report reviews the legislative and regulatory framework governing the fishing sector and the recruitment of fishermen and its implementation, highlighting certain gaps which enable traffickers to operate in the sector and lead to abusive labour conditions. The report also examines protection and support services accessible by victims of trafficking.

 

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Vulnerability to HIV and AIDS: A Social Research on Cross Border Mobile Population from Bangladesh to India. Sultana T, Das A, Sultana MM, et al (2011)

Bangladesh India_route_report

The objective of this report is to provide a rapid assessment of migration and mobility as key influences on the distribution and spread of HIV in the Pacific. While this has been established globally with targeted and tailored prevention programmes on mobility and HIV in a number of countries, the Pacific has yet to develop appropriate responses that take migration and mobility into consideration and ensure that HIV interventions address the drivers of mobility and the specific vulnerabilities that mobility creates.


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Vulnerability to HIV and AIDS: A Social Research on Cross Border Mobile Populations from Nepal to India. Wagle S, Bohidar N, Samuels F, et al (2011)

EMPHASIS Baseline_Nepal_India_Route_Report-1

Enhancing Mobile Population’s Access to HIV & AIDS Services, Information and Support (EMPHASIS) program. This program seeks to reduce the vulnerability of mobile populations to HIV & AIDS along two mobility routes between Bangladesh and India and Nepal and India. The objectives of this study were to understand the vulnerabilities faced by mobile populations by exploring the volume, pattern and drivers of mobility. 

 

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Denying Entry, Stay and Residence Due to HIV Status: Ten Things you Need to Know. The Global Fund, UNAIDS and International AIDS Society. (2010)

Denying Entry, Stay and Residence Due to HIV Status: Ten Things you Need to Know. Brazilian STD/AIDS Programme, Brazilian Government, The Global Fund, et al (2010) In the early 1980s, when there was a great deal of ignorance, fear and prejudice in the response to the HIV, many countries implemented restrictions on the entry, stay and residence of people living with HIV (“HIV-related travel restrictions”). Despite the enormous amount of knowledge gained since then about how HIV is and is not transmitted, many of these restrictions still exist. Such restrictions are unnecessary, discriminatory and obsolete.

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HIV Prevalence and Predictors of Infection in Sex-Trafficked Nepalese Girls and Women. Silverman JG, Decker MR, Gupta J, et al (2010)

HIV Prevalence and Predictors of Infection in Sex-Trafficked Nepalese Girls and Women. Silverman JG, Decker MR, Gupta J, et al (2010) TRAFFICKING ACROSS OR WITHIN national borders for purposes of sexual exploitation including forced prostitution, ie, sex trafficking, is recognized as a major gender-based human rights violation with significant individual and public health consequences and is increasingly discussed as a potentially critical mechanism in the spread of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) across developing nations.2-8 Approximately 80% of the estimated 600 000 to 800 000 individuals trafficked annually are girls and women.

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HIV/AIDS and Mobility in South Asia. UNDP and ILO (2010)

HIV/AIDS and Mobility in South Asia. UNDP and ILO (2010) This document provides a synthesis of current migration trends and the HIV situation in seven countries of South Asia. It includes migration patterns, gender implications, the nexus between migration and human trafficking, international and national policy frameworks, and the HIV situation of migrants, both regionally and for each of the seven countries.

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Migration and HIV/AIDS in Thailand: Triangulation of Biological, Behavioural and Programmatic Response Data in Selected Provinces. IOM, Ministry of Public Health, UNAIDS, and The Canada South East Asia Regional HIV/AIDS Project (2010)

Migration and HIV/AIDS in Thailand: Triangulation of Biological, Behavioural and Programmatic Response Data in Selected Provinces. IOM, Ministry of Public Health, UNAIDS, and The Canada South East Asia Regional HIV/AIDS Project (2010) With the growing economy and relatively stable society, Thailand has long been a hub for migration in Greater Mekong Sub-region, particularly for labour migrants from the three neibouring countries namely Myanmar, Cambodia and Lao PDR. It is estimated that over two million migrants are living and working in Thailand, in addition to some 150,000 displaced persons and asylum seekers who seek refuge in nine temporary shelters along the border.

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Migration, Mobility and HIV - A Rapid Assessment of Risks and Vulnerabilities in the Pacific. Connell J, Negin J, UNDP, et al (2010)

Migration MobilityandHIV UNDP and SPC 3.501

The objective of this report is to provide a rapid assessment of migration and mobility as key influences on the distribution and spread of HIV in the Pacific. While this has been established globally with targeted and tailored prevention programmes on mobility and HIV in a number of countries, the Pacific has yet to develop appropriate responses that take migration and mobility into consideration and ensure that HIV interventions address the drivers of mobility and the specific vulnerabilities that mobility creates.


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