Mobile Populations: Stop TB Key Populations Brief. Stop TB Partnership. (2016)

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Despite numerous international treaties and commitments to protect the health rights of migrants, this population still faces significant barriers in their access to TB care. Migration, which is driven by a number of complex economic, social, political and environmental factors, is a determinant of ill health, and the health outcomes of migrants are impacted by the various dimensions of the migration process.


Keywords: TB, migrants, health care, language barriers, stigma, treatment

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Report of an Inter-regional Roundtable Discussion On: Addressing Health Vulnerabilities of Migrants in Large Migration Flows. Asia-Europe Foundation and IOM. (2016)

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The Inter-regional Roundtable Discussion on “Addressing Health Vulnerabilities of Migrants in Large Migration Flows”, co-organised by the Asia-Europe Foundation (ASEF) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on 25 April 2016 in Geneva, Switzerland, marked the first expert-level Roundtable aimed at examining unprecedented migrant health issues emerging across Asia and Europe. The discussion focused on a comparative analysis of the public health challenges faced in transit and receiving nations in the Mediterranean Sea and the Andaman Sea.

The Roundtable brought together 40 participants, experts and representatives from the governments, UN agencies, inter- and non-governmental organisations and the to share and discuss their experience, knowledge and perspectives on the challenges and interventions made by countries and humanitarian actors to address the recent migration crisis in Asia and Europe.

 


Keywords: migration, health, communicable diseases, support, human rights

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Factsheet: Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) Survey among Male Labour Migrants in Western and Mid to Far Western Region of Nepal Round V – 2015. National Center for AIDS and STD Control. (2015)

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This is the fifth round of Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance Survey (IBBS) conducted among the Male Labour Migrants (MLM) of 11 districts of Western (5) and Mid to Far Western (6) Regions of Nepal. Primarily, this survey was carried out to track the trend in prevalence of HIV among MLMs and to explore the sexual risk behaviors associated with the HIV infection. This survey was carried during July-September 2015. Two stage 30 cluster sampling method was adopted in this survey. Desired numbers of participants were selected on the basis of population proportion to size from selected clusters. Each of Village Development Committee/Municipality/Sub-Metropolitan city of the selected districts of Western and Mid to Far Western Regions were considered clusters.

 

Keywords: Nepal, HIV, IBBS, MLM, prevalence

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Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) Survey among Male Labor Migrants in Western, Mid and Far Western Region, Round 5. National Centre for AIDS and STD Control. (2015)

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This is the fifth round of Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) survey conducted among 720 Male Labor Migrants (MLM) (360 migrants of Western Region and 360 migrants of Mid to Far Western Region). Survey was conducted in 11 districts of both the Regions (Five districts: Kaski, Syangja, Palpa, Kapilvastu, Gulmi of Western Region and Six districts: Banke, Surkhet, Kailali, Kanchanpur, Doti and Achham of Mid to Far Western Region).


Keywords: Nepal, STI, prevalence, sexual behavior, condom use, treatment, clinics, stigma and discrimination

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Migration and Left-Behind Households in Rural Cambodia: Structure and Socio-economic Conditions. Zimmer Z and Natta MV. (2015)

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The purpose of this report is to describe the familial structure of ‘migrant’ households in rural Cambodia – that is, households that report the recent departure of a former household member – and to investigate the association between the household structure and the socio-economic conditions of the household. Particular attention is paid to households containing one or more children of the migrant and/or one or more older parent of the migrant. The analysis in this report is primarily descriptive, although multivariate modeling is also reported.

 

Keywords: migrants, children, data, households

 

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Self-Care and Health Care: How Migrant Women in the Greater Mekong Subregion Take Care of Their Health. Mekong Migration Network. (2015)

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While all undocumented migrant workers face similar hardships, it is particularly challenging for migrant women who bear increased burdens and gender-based discrimination which reduces their ability to negotiate health rights at home, in hospitals, and at work. Furthermore, even upon return home, migrant women face problems re-registering, resulting in limited to no access to public health care.

Across the region there are gaps in health care for migrant women, with the most pronounced gaps particularly being sexual and reproductive health services and care for mental health. Sometimes health care policies and programming for migrants focuses specifically on certain diseases such as HIV and AIDS without making available other health information and health care services. Lack of long term health care policies for migrants combined with poor enforcement of migrants’ labour rights also pose significant barriers to migrant women’s ability to stay healthy and access health care.

 

Keywords: Thailand, Myanmar Cambodia, Loa PDR, China,Vietnam, sex work, prevention, discrimination

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The Right to Health. UNDP. (2015).

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The Right to Health provides a comprehensive situational overview of labour migration governance in relation to low-skilled migrant workers in South-East Asia. It examines the legal, social, and cultural factors affecting the right to health for migrant workers in the region and gives an overview of relevant international standards, including their specific application to migrant workers.  

 

 


Keywords: Migrant workers, ASEAN, laws, medical care, health services

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A Qualitative Study Comparing the Effects and Outcomes of HIV-related Interventions for Nepalese Migrants – At Source, Transit and Destination. Sarin E. (2014)

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The study was conducted among 60 migrants and family members, and 5 key informants in four locations- two at the destination site of Delhi and two at the source site of Nepal. In depth interviews by trained researchers were conducted with the help of semi structured interview guides.
The average age of male respondents was 36 years while it was 30 years for female respondents. Educational level was higher among males, the average being 8.6 years of education while it was 2.5 years for females. Fifty six (93%) of the total respondents were married and half of them had 3 children or more. Male migrants were employed as watchmen, cooks, factory workers, computer operator, while spouses of male migrants in Delhi were engaged in household work or worked as salesgirls and domestic help. Spouses and other family members in Nepal were mostly engaged in agricultural and household work .

 

Keywords: HIV, Nepal, India, Delhi, stigma, migrants, women

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An Integrated Approach to Address Mobile People’s Vulnerability to HIV and Migration: EMPHASIS Experiences in a Nutshell. Sultana MM, Samuels F and Devkota P. (2014)

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- A comprehensive and context-specific approach is required to tackle migrants’ vulnerabilities including addressing issues related to safety and dignity, rights and entitlements, as well as HIV and broader health-related challenges.
- To maximise impact, projects targeting migrants should plan interventions at source, transit and destination with both migrants and their spouses.
- Migration projects should include components that focus on women migrants’ specific vulnerabilities, such as harassment, violence, stigma and discrimination, as well as their vulnerability to HIV and other health problems.

 

Keywords: HIV, migrants, violence, women, empowerment, stigma, discrimination

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ASEAN Good Practices and New Initiatives in HIV and AIDS. The ASEAN Secretariat Jakarta. (2014)

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According to the First ASEAN Regional Report on HIV and AIDS in 2011, “Addressing AIDS in ASEAN Region”, there are 1.5 million people estimated to be living with HIV distributed amongst the ASEAN Member States (AMS). The national HIV prevalence rates in the region range from 0.1 per cent to 0.7 per cent. Although prevalence rates are decreasing, current estimates indicate that there are some AMS that are showing an increasing trend.
The key risk behaviours that drive the HIV epidemic in the region are unprotected sex with multiple partners and needle sharing in injecting drug use. Seventy-five per cent of all HIV infections in ASEAN are reported among key populations (KPs) of sex workers, men who have sex with men, transgender, and people who inject drugs. Other vulnerable populations include the intimate partners of KPs, youths, and mobile populations.


Keywords: HIV, PMTCT, testing, STI, prevention, FSW, transgender people, MSM, prison setting, PWID, migrant workers

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Highlighted publications
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Nepal-IBBS-FIDU-Kathmandu-valley-RI-2016.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_Get_on_the_Fast-Track_2016.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NEC_HIV_July-Oct-AIDSreg2016.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_methods_for_deriving_estimates_2016.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_Global_AIDS_Response_Progress_Reporting_2016.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/2015_Size_Estimation_of_Key_Affected_Populations_in_Philippines.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Assessment_of_Decentralization_of_ART_in_MMR_2016.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS-2016-prevention-gap-report_en.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_AIDS_by_the_numbers_2016.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_Biomedical_AIDS_research_2016.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Implementing_comprehensive_HIV_and_STI_programmes_with_transgender_people_2016.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_cities_ending_the_aids_epidemic_2016.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Philippines_2015_IHBSS_Factsheets.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Pakistan_IBBS_Report_Punjab_2014_0.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Integrating_collaborative_TB_and_HIV_services_within_a_comprehensive_package_of_care_for_PWID_2016.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/India_IBBS_report_2014-15.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/India_HSS_report_2014-15.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/The_negative_impact_of_drug_control_on_public_health_2015.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/2015_young_people_drugs_en.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Death_Penalty_for_Drug_Offences_Global_Overview_2015.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Transforming_our_world_2015_UN.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Consolidated_on_the_use_of_antiretroviral_drugs_for_treating_and_preventing_HIV_infection_2016.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Consolidated_Strategic_Information_Guidelines_for_HIV_in_Health_Sector_2015.pdf
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