According to the First ASEAN Regional Report on HIV and AIDS in 2011, “Addressing AIDS in ASEAN Region”, there are 1.5 million people estimated to be living with HIV distributed amongst the ASEAN Member States (AMS). The national HIV prevalence rates in the region range from 0.1 per cent to 0.7 per cent. Although prevalence rates are decreasing, current estimates indicate that there are some AMS that are showing an increasing trend.
The key risk behaviours that drive the HIV epidemic in the region are unprotected sex with multiple partners and needle sharing in injecting drug use. Seventy-five per cent of all HIV infections in ASEAN are reported among key populations (KPs) of sex workers, men who have sex with men, transgender, and people who inject drugs. Other vulnerable populations include the intimate partners of KPs, youths, and mobile populations.
Keywords: HIV, PMTCT, testing, STI, prevention, FSW, transgender people, MSM, prison setting, PWID, migrant workers