HIV and Sex Work Collection: Innovative Responses to Sex Work and HIV in Asia and the Pacific. UNFPA, UNAIDS and Asia Pacific Network of Sex Workers (2012)

HIV and_Sex_Work_Collection-1

A wealth of analysis exists on the nature and extent of HIV epidemics in Asia and the Pacific in the context of sex work. These have highlighted the progress and the challenges that must be tackled to realize the targets to which governments have committed, to bring an end to AIDS. Guidance on effective investment and responses is well articulated.

 

 

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Sex Work and the Law in Asia and the Pacific: Laws, HIV and Human Rights in the Context of Sex Work. Godwin J (2012)

HIV 2012_SexWorkAndLaw

Laws, policies and practices that are harmful to HIV responses in the context of sex work and the human rights of sex workers include:(i) Criminalization of sex work (ii) Punitive law enforcement practices (iii) Confiscation of condoms (iv) Criminalization of clients (v) Licensing or registration (vi) Mandatory, compulsory or coerced testing (vii) Lack of labour rights and social security rights (viii) Denial of identity documents and citizenship rights (ix) Compulsory detention centres (x) Anti-trafficking laws, policies and practices (xi) 100% Condom Use Programmes (CUPs)...

 

 

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Cambodia: Sex Work and HIV/AIDS. HIV and AIDS Data Hub for Asia-Pacific (2010)

Cambodia: Sex Work and HIV/AIDS. HIV and AIDS Data Hub for Asia-Pacific (2010) Cambodia is internationally recognized for having successfully reduced its HIV prevalence among the general population from about 3% in 1997 to 0.7% in 2009. Sex work played a significant role in the spread of the HIV epidemic during the nineties. Since 1999, HIV prevalence has declined among direct and indirect sex workers, although levels remain high. The 100% condom use promotion strategy has been credited for having played a major role in the decline of HIV.

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China: Sex Work and HIV/AIDS. HIV and AIDS Data Hub for Asia-Pacific (2010)

China: Sex Work and HIV/AIDS. HIV and AIDS Data Hub for Asia-Pacific (2010) In China, HIV prevalence among the general population is 0.06%, with the number of infections continuing to increase. At the end of 2009, an estimated 740,000 adults and children were living with HIV (range 560,000‐920,000) and another 105,000 had AIDS. Although infections have been reported in all 31 provinces, it is estimated that 80% of people living with HIV reside in rural areas. The number of new HIV cases was estimated at 48,000 in 2009. Overall, China is still experiencing a low‐prevalence, yet growing epidemic, with some key regions experiencing high‐prevalence epidemics.

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Indonesia: Sex Work and HIV/AIDS. HIV and AIDS Data Hub for Asia-Pacific (2010)

Indonesia: Sex Work and HIV/AIDS. HIV and AIDS Data Hub for Asia-Pacific (2010) Although the prevalence of HIV in the general population is low (0.2%) and is mainly concentrated among injecting drug users (IDUs) in Jakarta, West Java and Bali, the epidemic has now spread to other key populations at higher risk such as non‐injecting partners of IDUs, sex workers and their clients.

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Myanmar: Sex Work and HIV/AIDS. HIV and AIDS Data Hub for Asia-Pacific (2010)

Myanmar: Sex Work and HIV/AIDS. HIV and AIDS Data Hub for Asia-Pacific (2010) Myanmar, formerly known as Burma, has a population of 50 million people. The estimated nation‐wide population of sex workers in 2007 was between 40,000 and 80,000 and the population of their clients between 840,000 and 1,400,000 (Table 1). One predominantly qualitative study of female sex workers (FSWs) in Yangon estimated that there were around 100 brothels throughout the city and in various townships (as of 2003).

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Pakistan: Sex Work and HIV/AIDS. HIV and AIDS Data Hub for Asia-Pacific (2010)

Pakistan: Sex Work and HIV/AIDS. HIV and AIDS Data Hub for Asia-Pacific (2010) Until recently, Pakistan was considered as a ‘low HIV prevalence, high risk country’ in relation to HIV. The country is now classified as having a concentrated epidemic, with an HIV prevalence of more than 5% among injecting drug users (IDUs) in at least eight major cities in three of the four provinces and among Hijras sex workers in at least one city. At the end of 2009, it was estimated that were 97,400 people living with HIV and AIDS, with 2,917 patients registered across the country, among whom 1,320 are on antiretroviral drug therapy. The national adult HIV prevalence among the general population remains under 0.1%.

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Thailand: Sex Work and HIV/AIDS. HIV and AIDS Data Hub for Asia-Pacific (2010)

Thailand: Sex Work and HIV/AIDS. HIV and AIDS Data Hub for Asia-Pacific (2010) Beginning in the late 1980s, the HIV epidemic increased rapidly in Thailand, particularly in the upper Northern region. In 1990‐91, soon after it was observed that the HIV epidemic was spreading among injecting drug users and sex workers, the government acted decisively, launching a nationwide campaign to reduce HIV transmission. Thailand became the first country in Asia to launch the 100% Condom Use Programme (CUP) – a collaborative effort among local authorities, public health officers, sex establishment owners, and sex workers – a target was set to ensure that clients could not purchase sexual services without condom use.

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Highlighted publications
https://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/ESCAP_Asia_and_the_Pacific_SDG_Progress_Report_2020.pdf
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https://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Myanmar_NASA_2016-17.pdf
https://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Cambodia_National_and_Subnational_HIV_Estimates_and_Projections_2019.pdf
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https://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS-Global-AIDS-Update_Asia-Pacific_2019.pdf
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