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This report lays out by country significant pieces of work that contribute to ending child marriage in eight countries of South Asia.
It starts with an overview of major regional initiatives, and then it covers government, UN and civil society/NGO initiatives by country. A final matrix identifies key strategies per initiative. A number of policies, key studies, and national plans are included as well for a better understanding of the legal foundation of child marriage and adolescent empowerment work.
Keywords: girls, adolescents, violence, rights, children
The Global Plan towards the elimination of new HIV infections among children by 2015 and keeping their mothers alive (Global Plan) was launched in June 2011. It prioritizes the 22 countries1 that, in 2009, accounted for 90% of the global number of pregnant women living with HIV who were in need of services to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV. This report summarizes the history and development of the Global Plan, its achievements in reaching ambitious goals, lessons learned and directions for future progress to end new HIV infections among children.
Keywords: HIV, infections, children, prevention, antiretroviral medicines, pregnant women, breastfeeding
The ‘Start Free, Stay Free, AIDS Free’ Super-Fast- Track framework and action plan builds on remarkable success achieved between 2011 and 2015 in reducing the number of new HIV infections among children as well as increasing the number of children with HIV on treatment.
It provides a menu of policy and programmatic actions designed to enable countries and partners to close the remaining HIV prevention and treatment gap for children, adolescents young women, and expectant mothers.
Every child has the right to health, education and protection, and every society has a stake in expanding children’s opportunities in life. Yet, around the world, millions of children are denied a fair chance for no reason other than the country, gender or circumstances into which they are born. The State of the World’s Children 2016 argues that progress for the most disadvantaged children is not only a moral, but also a strategic imperative. Stakeholders have a clear choice to make: invest in accelerated progress for the children being left behind, or face the consequences of a far more divided world by 2030. At the start of a new development agenda, the report concludes with a set of recommendations to help chart the course towards a more equitable world.
In interviewing dozens of children and young people, Human Rights Watch learned that these marriages result from a web of factors including poverty, lack of access to education, child labor, social pressures, and harmful practices. Cutting across all of these is entrenched gender inequality, and damaging social norms that make girls less valued than boys in Nepali society.
This study was conducted in Colombo, Ragama, Kandy, Galle, Anuradhapura, Kalubowila and Kalutara which are the main ART centers in the country. HIV clinic, Colombo is the main HIV clinic of the country which had been in existence since HIV care services started in Sri Lanka. All the other centers provide specialist services for PLHIV including ART. The principal investigators and other investigators are staff members having experience in the setting for more than five years. The data collecting of the study was commenced on 1st November 2014 and completed on 31st January 2015.
To end the AIDS epidemic by 2030, specific—yet flexible—strategies are needed for different age groups, populations and geographical locations. Ending the epidemic among adolescents requires amplifying investments where they can make the most difference and fostering innovation by adolescents and youth themselves, as well as governments, international organizations, civil society and the private sector.
Keywords: HIV, treatment, key populations, zero discrimination, children, adolescents
Every year around 8 million children die of preventable causes, and more than 350,000 women die from preventable complications related to pregnancy and childbirth. If we bridge the gaps detailed in this document, the gains will be enormous. Reaching the targets for MDG 4 (a two-thirds reduction in under-five mortality) and MDG 5 (a three-quarters reduction in maternal mortality and universal access to reproductive health) would mean saving the lives of 4 million children and about 190,000 women in 2015 alone.
The new Global Strategy aims to achieve the highest attainable standard of health for all women, children and adolescents, transform the future and ensure that every newborn, mother and child not only survives, but thrives. Updated through a process of collaboration with stakeholders led by WHO, the Strategy builds on the success of the 2010 Strategy and its Every Woman Every Child movement, which helped accelerate the achievement of the health-related Millennium Development Goals and will act as a platform to put women, children and adolescents at the heart of the new UN Sustainable Development Goals.
A child’s chance to survive and thrive is much greater in 2015 than it was when the global community committed to the MDGs in 2000.
Data show significant progress in areas such as child survival, nutrition, motherto- child transmission of HIV and primary school enrolment, among others. These are impressive achievements, but they are only part of the story.
This report also shows progress for the most vulnerable, proving that a more equitable world is within reach. But despite this progress, millions of the children in greatest need have been left behind – the most marginalized and vulnerable children whose future the MDGs were designed to safeguard.
Keywords: children, gender equality, child mortality, infants, maternal health