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Inequities in child mortality across and within countries remain large. At the country level, the under-five mortality rate ranged from a high of 133 deaths per 1,000 live births to a low of 2 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2016. Many countries still have very high rates – particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, home to all six countries with an under-five mortality rate above 100 deaths per 1,000 live births. Hypothetically, if all countries had reached an under-five mortality rate at or below the average rate of high-income countries – 5.3 deaths per 1,000 live births – the toll of under-five deaths in 2016 would have been 0.7 million. In other words, almost 5 million deaths (87 per cent of the total under-five deaths) could have been prevented in 2016. Reducing inequities and reaching the most vulnerable newborns and children as well as their mothers are important priorities to achieve the SDG targets on ending preventable child deaths.
Keywords: UNICEF, HIV, SDGs, children, deaths, data
Government of Punjab is committed to promote evidence based planning, particularly in social sector of the province. MICS is designed to collect statistically sound, internationally comparable estimates of key indicators that are used to assess the situation of children and women in the areas of health, education, child protection and HIV/AIDS. MICS also provides data that is essential for developing evidence-based policies as well as monitor progress towards national goals and global commitments aimed at promoting the welfare of children, including the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Keywords: MICS, HIV, AIDS, SDGs, children, women, health
The report prepared by UNAIDS Regional Support Team for Asia and the Pacific and AIDS Data Hub provides information on the HIV epidemic and response on mothers and children in Asia and the Pacific.
Countries around the world have committed to a historic ambition: to end preventable child and maternal deaths within a generation.
A Common Cause shows why two key movements in global health – maternal and child health, and Universal Health Coverage – need to join forces to make that ambition a reality.
The report argues for universal access to an integrated continuum of care for women’s, children’s and adolescents’ health, provided through strengthened primary healthcare and referral systems.
Practices like child, early and forced marriage (CEFM) remain an obstacle to the full achievement of better health for children and adolescents. CEFM is also a human rights violation that endangers health and growth, disrupts education, limits opportunities for empowerment and social development, and increases the risk of exposure to violence and abuse.
A 10 per cent reduction in CEFM could contribute to a 70 per cent reduction in maternal mortality rates and a three per cent decrease in infant mortality in individual countries. Getting married at an earl y age also leads to higher fertility rates, unwanted pregnancies, a higher risk of complications during childbirth, limited educational advancement, and reduced economic earning potential for girls and wome
This study aims to assist parliamentarians in their efforts to end CEFM through legislation, and to improve the health of children and young girls in their countries.
Childhood TB has been called a “sentinel event” because it indicates failure on two fronts. First, it signals an ongoing transmission, since the child likely contracted TB from someone close to him or her and who has likely remained untreated. Second, it indicates a wider failure in the system, since it points to the lack of preventative therapy that could have easily stopped the child from developing TB in the first place.
Keywords: TB, children, diagnostics, treatment, health system
Despite continuing progress in stopping new HIV infections among children there are still major challenges in ensuring access to effective antiretroviral therapy for children living with HIV. The challenges start with diagnosing HIV among children.
This brochure includes the first global estimates on the time girls spend doing household chores such as cooking, cleaning, caring for family members and collecting water and firewood. The data show that the disproportionate burden of domestic work begins early, with girls between 5 and 9 years old spending 30 per cent more time, or 40 million more hours a day, on household chores than boys their age. The disparities grow as girls get older, with 10 to 14 year olds spending 50 per cent more time, or 120 million more hours each day.
Keywords: HIV, SDGs, women, girls, gender, discrimination, violence
Intrepid Nepal (INPL) carried out this Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) survey under the leadership of the National Center for AIDS and STD Control (NCASC) with financial support from Save the Children International, Nepal. This is the first round of the IBBS Survey conducted among street involved children and youths in three districts in the Kathmandu Valley of Nepal. This survey is a part of the National HIV Surveillance Plan (2012) and National HIV and AIDS Strategy (2011-2016). The first round of the survey was undertaken to determine the prevalence of HIV infections and to assess the sexual and/or injecting behaviors related to HIV among street involved children and youths in the Kathmandu Valley.
Nepal is categorized as a country facing a concentrated HIV epidemic. The National Centre for AIDS and STD Control (NCASC) has estimated that there were 39,249 PLHIV in Nepal in 2014 with adult HIV prevalence of 0.20% (NCASC, 2014).The spread of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is concentrated among Key Affected Populations (KAPs) comprising of people who inject drugs (PWIDs), men who have sex with men (MSM), labor migrants and spouses, and Female Sex Workers (FSWs). The transmission of HIV is largely driven by KAPs and consequential health-risk behaviors. The Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) survey is a descriptive serial cross-sectional survey conducted to monitor trends in HIV and STI prevalence and to assess behavioral information from high-risk groups. Behavioral surveillance is the systematic and ongoing collection of data about risk behaviors related to disease and health conditions, with the purpose of correlating trends in behavior with changes in disease over time.