Global Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance System (GLASS) Report: Early Implementation 2016-2017. WHO. (2018)

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The aim of the report is to document participation efforts and outcomes across countries, and highlight differences and constraints identified to date. In this first GLASS report data vary considerably in terms of completeness, so no attempt was made to compare AMR status at a regional or global level. However, as GLASS and country participation evolves, the data reported will help understand surveillance capacities and mechanisms of reporting across countries in all regions, and will inform further GLASS development. 


Keywords: AMR, surveillance systems, infections, resistance

 

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FAQ - Price Reduction of the Dolutegravir-based Antiretroviral Therapy Regimen. UNAIDS. (2018)

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This is the first time this regimen will be offered as an affordable, generic, fixed-dose combination, which will increase access for millions of people living with HIV in low- and  middle-income countries. Below are a set of key messages and questions and answers  to guide communications around the announcement and respond to media inquiries.

 

 

Keywords: HIV, ART, treatment, medicines, funding

 

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Strategic Framework for Prevention of Parent to Child Transmission (PPTCT) of HIV in Pakistan. Khan A. (2017)

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This strategic framework provides a road map to scale-up PPTCT services in the most efficient manner, where value for money is achieved with the promise that no infected mother will be missed and no child will be born with HIV, where every HIV exposed infant will receive the much needed HIV test at 6 weeks of age, and linked to treatment where required.

 


Keywords: HIV, PPTCT, ART, treatment, care

 

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Regional Action Plan for Viral Hepatitis in South-East Asia, 2016–2021. WHO, Regional Office for South-East Asia. (2017)

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Viral hepatitis now ranks as the seventh leading cause of mortality worldwide. Although mortality due to communicable diseases has declined globally, the absolute burden and relative ranking of viral hepatitis as a cause of mortality has increased between 1990 and 2013.

 

Viral hepatitis causes at least as many, if not more, deaths annually compared with TB, AIDS, or malaria. Mortality due to viral hepatitis is increasing with time, while that due to TB, HIV and malaria is declining. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections account for more than 90% of viral hepatitis-related deaths and disability, with hepatitis A and E being responsible for the remaining.

 


Keywords: HIV, TB, hepatitis, viral, prevention and control, public health, vaccination

 

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HIV Drug Resistance Report 2017. WHO. (2017)

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This second HIVDR report provides an update on recent population levels of HIVDR covering the period 2014–2016. The report includes data from 16 nationally representative surveys from 14 countries estimating resistance in: adults initiating ART (PDR), children younger than 18 months newly diagnosed with HIV, and adults on ART (acquired HIV drug resistance or ADR).

To contextualize results from representative HIVDR surveys, the report is supported by systematic reviews of the published literature on PDR in adults, children and adolescents, and ADR in paediatric and adult populations. 


Keywords: HIV, ART, drug resistance, treatment, prevalence


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- HIV drug resistance report 2017

 

- Access policy brief: Tackling HIV drug resistance: trends, guidelines and global action

Briefing Paper: Drug Dependence Treatment in China: A Policy Analysis. Tibke P. (2017)

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Drug use and supply have been a sensitive and high-priority issue for successive governments in China since at least the Opium Wars in the mid-19th century. China’s policy response to drug use relies on punishment and coercion as central components, including compulsory detoxification, detention in labour camps or so-called ‘rehabilitation’ facilities, and compulsory registration with law enforcement authorities resulting in surveillance and random interrogations. 

 

Yet, in the late-1990s, in a policy move that appeared to emphasize healthcare instead of punishment for people who inject drugs, China began implementing the world’s largest scale-up provision of opioid substitution therapy (OST) and needle and syringe programmes (NSP) – two critical harm reduction measures for preventing HIV transmission. However, the overall approach towards people who use drugs remains punitive and stigmatising in China. As drug use continues to rise and expand across a greater range of drugs (especially synthetic drugs such as methamphetamine), as well as amongst younger age groups, China requires a comprehensive system of evidence-based and humane drug treatment and harm reduction services capable of advancing the health and quality of life of individuals and communities.

 

Keywords: China, HIV, PWID, NSPs and OST, drugs, health, law

 

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Factsheet 5: Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) in Nepal, as of Asar 2074 (July 2017). National Centre for AIDS and STD Control. (2017)

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Find HIV data on PMTCT, ANC, pregnant women, ART in Nepal.
 
 

 


Keywords: HIV, PMTCT, infant, diagnosis, mother

 

 

 

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Global Action Plan on HIV Drug Resistance 2017–2021. WHO. (2017)

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Preventing and managing the emergence of HIVDR is a key component of a comprehensive and effective HIV response, and should be integrated into broader efforts to ensure sustainability and greatest impact. It is essential that actions to monitor, prevent and respond to HIVDR are implemented at the clinical, programme and policy levels to address the many drivers of HIVDR.

The goal of this Global Action Plan is to articulate synergistic actions that will be required to prevent HIVDR from undermining efforts to achieve global targets on health and HIV, and to provide the most effective treatment to all people living with HIV including adults, key populations, pregnant and breastfeeding women, children and adolescents. 

 


Keywords: HIV, prevention, response, monitoring, surveillance

 

 

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Patients Helping Patients Understand Opioid Substitution Treatment. Chapman J, Fowler A, Mackenzie B, et al. (2017)

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This handbook has been written by a group of patients in British Columbia. We all have long experience with medication-assisted treatments for opioid dependence. The language about drug use is complex. The latest version of the manual that defines diseases and disorders (DSM-V) no longer refers to “dependence” and uses “addiction” instead. In this handbook, we continue to use “dependence” to refer to our experience of “needing the drug” and significant withdrawal symptoms when trying to quit or cut down on our use. Deciding to seek help is an important step in any process of recovery. You are making a wise decision to seek help now. People dependent on opioid drugs and not receiving opioid substitution treatment (OST) are many times more likely to die or be seriously harmed by problem drug use.


Keywords: HIV/AIDS, OST, testing, harm reduction, stigma

 

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Factsheet: Unitaid and Hepatitis C in the Context of Co-infection with HIV. UNITAID. (2017)

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According to the WHO, about 2.3 million people are co-infected with HIV and the hepatitis C virus (HCV). Moreover, there were an estimated 1.75 million new hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections worldwide in 2015. HCV usually presents only mild symptoms, if any, until it is at an advanced stage, thereby making it difficult to recognize the disease early.


Keywords: HIV, HCV, diagnosis, treatment

 

 

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Highlighted publications
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_Global_AIDS_Monitoring_2018.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NSACP_Sri_Lanka_National_HIV_Communication_Strategy_2017.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NACO_Status_of_National_AIDS_Response_2017.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NACO_State_Epi_factsheets_V1_North-East_region_2017.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NACO_State_Epi_factsheets_V2_West_South_region_2017.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NACO_State_Epi_factsheets_V3_Northern_Central_Eastern_region_2017.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NACO_Annual_report_2016-17.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Cambodia_Estimations_and_projections_of_HIV_AIDS_at_Sub-national_level_2016-2020.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_HIV_drug_resistance_report_2017.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Guidelines_on_public_health_response_to_pretreatment_HIV_drug_resistance_2017.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Guidelines_for_Managing_Advanced_HIV_Disease_and_Rapid_Initiation_of_ART_2017.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_What_New_in_Treatment_Monitoring_Viral_Load_and_CD4_Testing_2017.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Pakistan_IBBS_2016-17.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Pakistan_Mapping_Key_Populations_2015-16.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_Global_AIDS_Update_2017.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_Global_AIDS_Update_2017_Data_2017_en.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Myanmar_National_Strategic_Plan_on_HIV_and_AIDS_2016-2020.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_2017_Global_AIDS_Monitoring_2016.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Nepal-IBBS-FIDU-Kathmandu-valley-RI-2016.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_methods_for_deriving_estimates_2016.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/2015_Size_Estimation_of_Key_Affected_Populations_in_Philippines.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Assessment_of_Decentralization_of_ART_in_MMR_2016.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS-2016-prevention-gap-report_en.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Implementing_comprehensive_HIV_and_STI_programmes_with_transgender_people_2016.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_cities_ending_the_aids_epidemic_2016.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Philippines_2015_IHBSS_Fact_Sheets_Nov2017.pdf
http://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Consolidated_on_the_use_of_antiretroviral_drugs_for_treating_and_preventing_HIV_infection_2016.pdf
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