Ending TB in the South-East Asia Region Regional Strategic Plan 2016-2020. WHO, Regional Office for South-East Asia. (2016)

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This Regional Strategic Plan towards Ending TB in the SEAR 2016–2020 describes the future directions and focus of the work towards TB elimination aiming to support Member States in reducing tuberculosis mortality and incidence in line with global targets as set in World Health Assembly (WHA) resolution WHA67.1. The resolution will guide countries in addressing persisting and emerging epidemiological and demographic challenges and advancing universal health coverage and robust health systems. The plan builds on and expands the existing updated Regional Strategic plan for TB Care and Control 2012–2015 and focuses on implementation of the End TB Strategy in the coming 5 years within the overall scope of the 20-year strategy covering 2015–2035.

 


Keywords: TB, HIV, prevalence, mortality, treatment, funding

 

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Gender Assessment Tool for National HIV and TB Response. Stop TB Partnership and UNAIDS. (2016)

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Gender dynamics in TB enrolment, treatment and cure rates are not uniform. In some countries, men have better outcomes than women, while in other countries it is women who do. In most low and middle-income countries about two-thirds of reported TB cases are men and only one third women, and it is not well known whether this is due to a higher risk of developing TB among men or under-notification of TB among women with the evidence that women are less likely to be diagnosed with tuberculosis and successfully treated. 


Keywords: HIV/TB, violence, discrimination, empowerment, women

 

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Children: Stop TB Key Populations Brief. Stop TB Partnership. (2016)

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Childhood TB has been called a “sentinel event” because it indicates failure on two fronts. First, it signals an ongoing transmission, since the child likely contracted TB from someone close to him or her and who has likely remained untreated. Second, it indicates a wider failure in the system, since it points to the lack of preventative therapy that could have easily stopped the child from developing TB in the first place.

 

Keywords: TB, children, diagnostics, treatment, health system

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Annual Report 2015. Stop TB Partnership. (2016)

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The development of the Global Plan to End TB 2016-2020 was a more than 18-month effort, led by the Task Force of the Stop TB Partnership’s Coordinating Board. The development process was informed by the outcomes of four regional consultations as well as a two-month online consultation process. The regional consultation meetings in Addis Ababa (May), Bangkok (June), Istanbul (July) and Buenos Aires (August) brought together around 400 participants from government, TB programmes and other implementers, private providers, corporate sector, civil society and affected communities.


Keywords: TB/HIV, co-infection, diagnosis, treatment and care

 

 

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Mobile Populations: Stop TB Key Populations Brief. Stop TB Partnership. (2016)

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Despite numerous international treaties and commitments to protect the health rights of migrants, this population still faces significant barriers in their access to TB care. Migration, which is driven by a number of complex economic, social, political and environmental factors, is a determinant of ill health, and the health outcomes of migrants are impacted by the various dimensions of the migration process.


Keywords: TB, migrants, health care, language barriers, stigma, treatment

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Chest Radiography in Tuberculosis Detection – Summary of Current WHO Recommendations and Guidance on Programmatic Approaches. WHO. (2016)

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The World Health Organization (WHO) has released a consolidated summary of WHO recommendations on the use chest radiography (CXR) in TB detection and guidance on programmatic approaches to use CXR within primary care services. CXR is an essential tool for the early detection of TB, and therefore fundamental to achieve the targets set out in WHO’s End TB Strategy. The document also describes new technological developments in CXR, such as computer aided detection of TB (CAD) that holds promise for future use but needs to be further evaluated before WHO guidance is developed.
 


Keywords: TB, chest X-ray (CXR), care and prevention


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Good Practices in TB Control Programme in SAARC Member States. SAARC Tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS Centre (STAC). (2016)

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This document is prepared to provide information about good practices on Tuberculosis control in SAARC Member States. Good practices comprise examples of programmes, projects and activities that have been shown to contribute towards making interventions successful. Sharing good practices is important.

 


Keywords: SDGs, TB, HIV, AIDS, drug-resistance

 

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People who Use Drugs: Stop TB Key Populations Brief. Stop TB Partnership. (2016)

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Globally, people who use drugs (PWUD) remain stigmatized and criminalized, which contributes to devastating health disparities, including extremely high rates of TB often combined with HIV and viral hepatitis. The range of these health issues and the prevailing lack of integrated health services capable of delivering TB, HIV, and harm reduction services in one place largely contribute to the scope of the TB crisis in communities of PWUD.


Keywords: TB, PWUD, HIV, advocacy, community, laws, policy, criminalization, treatment, stigma

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Key Populations Brief: Health Care Workers. Stop TB Partnership. (2016)

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Health care workers (HCWs) are at an increased risk of acquiring tuberculosis (TB) compared to the general population. In low-resource, high-TB-burden settings, occupationally acquired TB is depleting the very workforce fighting the disease on the frontline. Failures in health systems, occupational health (OH) services and TB infection control (TBIC), staffing shortages, supply issues, lack of funding, and lack of supervision, are putting the lives of HCWs, their families, and those they are tasked with caring for at risk. The fear of stigma, coupled with weak labour protections and poor confidentiality measures, often means that HCWs are afraid to disclose their health status to employers for fear of being ostracized or losing their jobs.

 

Keywords: HIV, health services, treatment, stigma, policy

 

 

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Prisoners: Stop TB Key Populations Brief. Stop TB Partnership. (2016)

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Over the past several decades, the weakening of criminal justice systems and reliance on ineffective, overly punitive policies have led to the deterioration of prisons globally. This has caused overcrowding and facilitated the spread of infectious diseases such as TB and multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB). Prisons are intrinsically linked to communities; thus, the TB and MDR-TB epidemics in prisons have impacted health outcomes in countries where excessive incarceration is prevalent.


Keywords: TB, HIV prevalence, treatment, drugs, laws, policy, human rights, diagnosis

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